Gobinda Kumar Hone, Panihati.
Gobinda Home Ghat
This garden house at the bank of the Ganga was originally a property of Ramdulal De Sarkar of Kolkata, the pioneer in the field of Indo-US trade in the Eighteenth Century His son, Ashutosh De, popularly known as Satu Babu, had paid frequent visits in this ancestral house. He was married with a daughter of Ghosh family of this village in 1820. During his illness Ashutosh De, took rest at this house where he passed away on 29th January 1856. He has built a ghat on the Ganga at this house. His last rites were performed at this Ghat under a Bakul tree.
This house is closely associated with the memory of Rabindranath Thakur. The poet has paid three visits in this house. Each of the visits is historically significant. In 1872, from a very peculiar fever known as Dengue broke out in Kolkata. At the age of 11, Rabindranath along with his female family members took shelter in this house from 14th May to 30th June. It was his first visit outside Kolkata. His brother Jotirindranath Thakur was with them. The poet had learnt swimming in a pond inside of this house. The poet in a separate chapter depicted the whole episode in Jivansmiriti.
The second visit of the poet is associated with a political incident. On 13th April 1919 innocent people were brutally killed by General O-Dyre at Jalinwalabag at Punjab. The poet became very restless. At this time, he had paid a visit in this house along with Prasanta Chandra Mahalanbis, a noted statistician. The house was under the ownership of Banowarilal Sarker(Lalababu), He spent a few hours in this garden and then returned back to Kolkata. After a few days he had renounced his Knighthood.
On 29 th March, 1926, Sri Gopal Das Chowdhury, a landlord of Maymansingha, set up Gobinda Kumar Home in memory of his father Gobinda Das Chawdhury. It became a home for the Homeless and destitute girls. On 5th March, 1933 the poet along with Sarala Devi Chowdhurani attended a marriage ceremony of one inmate of the home and paid a visit in this house. Incidentally, the annaprasan of Sarala Devi was held in this house in 1872.
Swami Vivekananda had selected this house for Sarada Devi in 1897 but due to its distance from Dakhineshwar Kali Temple Sarada Devi had not approved this place.
This house is associated with the revolutionary activities too. After 1914, a group of youth of Bengal looted Maujer pistols of Rada Company, which is known as Rada Armory Case. This garden was a property of Gobinda Das Chowdhury and was almost deserted. The caretaker of the house was a revolutionary. He had arranged this house for the distribution of those pistols.
Sukumar Roy along with his family including Satyajit Roy, his son, had lived in this house during his illness. Here he has drawn several pictures and this is noted in a memoir of Satyajit Roy.
This house is an integral part of the heritage of Panihati, a prominent center of art and culture of Bengal.
Report by Krishanu Bhattacharyya
Sri Rabindranath Tagore
Gobinda Home
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